A federal appeals court for the fourth circuit had decisively struck down North Carolina’s voter identification law, holding that its provisions deliberately “target African-Americans with almost surgical precision” in an effort to depress black turnout at the polls. The United States Supreme Court now turned away, by a 4-4 vote, an emergency appeal from North Carolina which was hoping to reinstate new voting rules that were struck down. In NORTH CAROLINA, ET AL. V. NC CONFERENCE OF NAACP, ET AL. the High Court succinctly held that “The application to recall and stay the mandate of the United States Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit, presented to The Chief Justice and by him referred to the Court, is denied.”