The Court of Appeals of New York in Hain v. Jamison, 28 NY3d 524 (Dec 22, 2016) engaged in a hornbook exposition of proximate cause and defined the law on this issue. The Court of Appeals unanimously revered the Appellate Division and rendered its opinion. The Opinion of the Court of Appeals: I. Decedent, the wife of plaintiff, was struck and killed by a vehicle driven by one of the Jamison defendants as decedent was [...]
NEW YORK’S HIGHEST COURT DEFINES THE BURDEN OF PROOF BETWEEN THE PARTIES REGARDING A LATE NOTICE OF CLAIM FILING (RESOLVING THE SPLIT OF AUTHORITY AMONG THE JUDICIAL DEPARTMENTS).
The Court of Appeals of New York State in Matter of Newcomb v Middle Country Central School District, 28 NY3d 455 (Dec. 22, 2016) clarified the respective burdens of the parties in demonstrating substantial prejudice (or lack thereof) suffered by a public corporation as a result of a prospective plaintiff’s filing of a late notice of claim. The Opinion of The Court of Appeals: The issue in this appeal is whether the lower courts abused their [...]
Artibee v Home Place Corp., 2017 NY Slip Op 01145 Decided on February 14, 2017 Court of Appeals Stein, J.
New York State’s highest Court held that New York State is not subject to liability apportionment when a plaintiff claims the State (as a defendant) and private party (co-defendant) liable for noneconomic losses in a personal injury action. A strong dissent was rendered criticizing the majority opinion as giving the State preferential status over the other tortfeasors despite no legislative support. Plaintiff suffered injuries while traveling on a state highway when a large branch broke off [...]
The issue before the Court of Appeals of New York, in Aetna Health Plans v. Hanover Ins. Co., 2016 N.Y. Slip Op. 04658 (N.Y. June 14, 2016) was whether a health insurer that paid for medical treatment that arguably should have been covered by the insured's no-fault automobile insurance carrier could maintain a reimbursement claim against the no-fault insurer within the framework of the New York no-fault law. The Court ruled that the health insurer could not [...]
The New York State Appellate Division of the Supreme Court for the First Department in Rodriguez v City of New York (2016 NY Slip Op 05943, Decided on September 1, 2016), revisited “a vexing issue regarding comparative fault: whether a plaintiff seeking summary judgment on the issue of liability must establish, as a matter of law, that he or she is free from comparative fault. This issue has spawned conflicting decisions between the judicial departments, as [...]
A federal appeals court for the fourth circuit had decisively struck down North Carolina’s voter identification law, holding that its provisions deliberately “target African-Americans with almost surgical precision” in an effort to depress black turnout at the polls. The United States Supreme Court now turned away, by a 4-4 vote, an emergency appeal from North Carolina which was hoping to reinstate new voting rules that were struck down. In NORTH CAROLINA, ET AL. V. NC CONFERENCE [...]
The United States Supreme Court in McDONNELL v. UNITED STATES held that an “official act” is a decision or action on a “question, matter, cause, suit, proceeding or controversy.” That question or matter must involve a formal exercise of governmental power, and must also be something specific and focused that is “pending” or “may by law be brought” before a public official. To qualify as an “official act,” the public official must make a decision or [...]
The United States Supreme Court Declares Same-Sex Marriage Legal In All 50 States. In OBERGEFELL V. HODGES, a landmark decision, the Court held in a 5–4 decision that the fundamental right to marry is guaranteed to same-sex couples by both the Due Process Clause and the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution.